Web as a Side Effect of Particle Physics Experiments



 History of Internet

  This site was set up
  on August 22, 1995

  Silicon Valley News

  Citation Index


Tim, Robert and Ted
WWW founder-fathers: Tim Berners-Lee (left), Robert Cailliau, and Ted Nelson after the Advisory Committee meeting of the WWW Consortium, in Tokyo.

Bill Clinton, 42nd president of the United States"When I took office [January 20, 1993], only high energy physicists had ever heard of what is called the Worldwide Web.... Now even my cat has its own page." --  announcement of Next Generation Internet initiative, 1996


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We have spent a tremendous amount of time over the last four or five years really crafting our external e-business initiatives, - IBM e-commerce director Scott Gannon

The key words that came to my mind while writing (and DOING) this (WWW) history were: synergy,serendipity and
coincidence. Ben Segal, CERN
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Andy Grove (right photo) summed up the online pioneers' attitude when asked about the return on investment (ROI) from his firm's Internet ventures: "This is Columbus in the New World..."
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... What was his ROI?"  by Christopher Anderson

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... If you think you're living in a revolutionary period now, wait till you start getting unsolicited e-mail from the Bolsheviks or Mao, or find yourself on Catherine the Great's home page...    World Wide Web will sound like an awfully modest enterprise.  You laugh?
   Go ahead. They laughed at Galileo. Not to mention the Internet. Philadelphia Inquirer.
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Don Hoefler journalist is credited with coining the phrase: "Silicon Valley" In 1971, in a series of articles that Hoefler wrote for ELECTRONIC NEWS, a weekly tabloid, he first used the phrase "SiliconValley" to describe the congeries of electronics firms mushroomingin Santa Clara county...
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What does it mean: Silicon Valley Entrepreneurial Phenomenon? ships_pare2.jpg (1273 bytes)
See a viewpoint of the founder of worldwide #1 fiber optics high speed networking company: A Tale of Lambs, Preschoolers and Networking, by Frank Levinson, Finisar CEO
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 The First building of Silicon Valley:   Varian Associates building (photo left),    Stanford Industrial Park, Palo Alto, California, 1953.

Silicon Valley is explosively expanding its geographical borders.  It was only a small part of Palo-Alto 's Stanford University Park 50 years ago. It has become one of the fastest growing regions of California now.


And there will not be any geographical borders for Silicon Valley's future, because it's transforming itself to Internet Valley, which is destroying any geographical limits for the new kind of human being.

How Silicon Valley Came To Be ...

A Legal Bridge Spanning 100 Years: From the Gold Mines of El Dorado to the 'Golden' Startups of Silicon Valley   

49er and Mull   With this catalyst of scientific and technological process acting locally in just one American state, a very special law was enacted in 19th Century California ...


NDA Experiment Set up by Mark Hurd 

... even in those rare cases when the company employee signs an NDA in exchange for a persuasive large monetary reward - even in this case - an employer cannot, under the conditions of the state of California, create legal barriers to an employee leaving to work for his employer's competition.



Copyright @ 1995 - 2014, netvalley.com

History of the Internet. We all need it. We all want it. But how did it happen in the first place? Gregory Gromov provides a ... comprehensive ... history of the Worldwide Web before it was the Net we all know and love. By Matthew Holt. 

 NetworkWorld. June, 1997


For a history of the Internet readers should consult Gregory Gromov's The Roads and Crossroads of the Internet's History. Humanities Computing Unit of Oxford University,  

Oxford University,  UK

History of the Internet and World Wide Web:
1. Internet Before World Wide Web
Internet before World Wide Web - The First 130 Years: Atlantic cable, Sputnick, ARPANET,"Information Superhighway", ...
2. World Wide Web as a Side Effect of Particle Physics Experiments.
World Wide Web was born in CERN: the most impressive results of large scale scientific efforts appeared far away from the main directions of those efforts
3. Next Crossroad of World Wide Web History
World Wide Web as a NextStep of PC Revolution ... from Steven P. Jobs to Tim Berners-Lee
4. Birth of the World Wide Web, Browser Wars, ...
Birth of the Web, Tim Berners-Lee, R. Cailliau, Marc Andreessen, Browser Wars, ...
5. Early History of Hypertext
Hypertext Foundation of the World Wide Web: Vannevar Bush's hyperlink concept, Ted Nelson coins the word Hypertext, ...
6. "Living History" of Hypertext.
Hypertext Saga of Theodor Holm Nelson: The Fate of Thinking Person in Silicon Valley ...
7. "Xanadu" Plan
The Nelson's Xanadu Plan to build a better World Wide Web
8. Growth of the Internet: Statistics
Statistics of the Internet & Worl Wide Web: Hosts, Domains, WebSites, Traffic, ...
9. Conclusion
What is the nature of World Wide Web?
10 Prehistory of the Internet
The Ancient Roads of Telecommunications & Computers
11 They said it ...
People Wrote About This Book

The Roads and Crossroads of the Internet's History. By Gregory R. Gromov. A critically acclaimed site for a comprehensive history of the Internet.

The University of Texas, System Digital Library.


Gregory  Gromov provides an impressionistic overview in "The Roads and Crossroads of Internet's History," ... with a particular concentration on the development of  hypertext and the Web.

Current  literature of the online community   by Eron Main, Faculty of Information Studies, 

University of Toronto, Canada 


Gregory R. Gromov’s The Roads and Crossroads of Internet History is probably the history that most students will enjoy as it is sprinkled liberally with files that illustrate his points.

Commencing with Internet pre-history work your way through 9 sections to read about the web, browser wars, and Xanadu to name a few topics. It is a long essay but extremely interesting.

The Australian National University. Faculty of Art,  Canberra